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OTHER INVESTMENTS

Other InvestmentsArabian Industrial Fibers Co. (Ibn Rushd)

Ibn Rushd is a Sabic founded company that produces Aromatics, PTA and Polyester fibers. Alujain holds a minor position in Ibn Rushd.

Zain Industries Company Ltd. (Zain)

Zain (formerly Mobeed) is a limited liability company with its head office in Jeddah and the factory in Jubail Industrial City. It is primarily engaged in the production and sales of a wide variety of Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) covering Insecticide, Air Care and Cleaning products in aerosol and liquid forms. Zain products are sold in the Saudi market, as well as in the neighboring GCC and other Middle East countries. It is also doing formulation, filling, packing, marketing and distribution of a wide range of Agrochemical and Public & Animal Health Pesticide Products.

 

Zain plant is also capable of manufacturing high quality Suspension Concentrate (SC) and Emulsion Concentrate (EC) of Insecticides, Fungicides, Herbicides and Nematicides for Agriculture, as well as Aerosols for Public Health, to cater to the needs of Saudi Arabia, other Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries in particular and the Middle East in general.

 

 

 

Zain factory, built to the highest technical and environmental standards, consists of Emulsion Concentrate and Suspension Concentrate formulation units, a Filling Line and an Aerosol Line, and associated facilities.

Zain is currently undertaking an expansion program to increase its capacity and diversify activities by introducing a variety of new products in the Home & Personal Care, Industrial& Institutional Cleaners, as well as Agrochemicals & Public Health segments.

 

Zain Air Joy Lavender

Lavender is a short flowering shrub that grows in sunny, rocky habitats. It is native to the mountainous areas of the Mediterranean but grows in many places across Europe, Australia and the United States.

 

Air Joy Lavender air freshener is specially conceived with you in mind. Its unmatched fragrance would freshen up your home and you would be smitten by its pleasant aroma. It spreads all around easily and fast.

 

Zain Air JoyOud

Oud (Agarwood) is a native to Southeast Asia and is reputed to be the most expensive wood in the world. It is a resinous, fragrant heartwood produced primarily by trees in the genus Aquilaria. The odour of Oud is complex and pleasing, with few or no similar natural equivalents. As a result, Agar wood and its essential oil gained great cultural and religious significance in ancient civilizations around the world.

 

Air JoyOud air fresheneris unique in its recipe and is canned for premium consumers. Its scent is deep and mesmerizing and lingers on in the air for long time. Air Joy Oud gives a dignified aura to the environment, be it office or home. You would love this beautiful offering only from Zain.

 

Zain Air Joy Jasmine Zain Air Joy Jasmine

Widely cultivated for its flowers, jasmine is enjoyed in the garden as a house plant, and as cut flowers. The delicate jasmine flower opens only at night and is plucked in the morning when the tiny petals are tightly closed, then stored in a cool place until night. The petals begin to open between six and eight in the evening, as the temperature lowers.

Air Joy Jasmine air freshener is popular everywhere and its pleasant scent is liked by all. It removes the bad odor in the air and freshens up the environment. It spreads all around easily and in a mild manner.

 

 

 

Zain Air Joy Rose

Roses, coming in a variety of colors, need no introduction. Literature, especially poetry, will be incomplete without a mention of Rose. Rose is part of human history in all parts of the world.

Air Joy Rose air freshener offers a cherished flavor. Its enchanting fragrance is refreshing and enlivening. It removes the unpleasant odor of homes and offices. It spreads all around easily and fast.

 

 

 

Zain Starch Spray

An exclusive offering from Zain, Zain Starch Spray has conquered the users’ imaginations. The demand for this product is growing and with each passing day, Zain Starch Spray is proving a winner. Here is an excellent product, if you are looking for economy without compromising on quality.

 

 

 

Zain Bravo 4 u Furniture Polish

Bravo 4u Furniture Polish cleans, cares and protects your furniture. It fills your home with natural aroma. Bravo 4 u is a multi-use furniture polish suitable for use on all sealed wooden surface, metal, glass, marble, ceramics and enamel finishes. The unique formula of Bravo 4 u contains a blend of waxes and conditioners which easily removes dust and dirt and protects furniture from daily wear.

 

 

 

Zain Shield Insects Killer

Shield all-purpose insects killer is formulated to provide fast killing power against flying and crawling insects found in and around dwelling places.

 

 

 

ZAIN BRAVO 4 U ANTISTATIC SPRAY Zain Bravo 4 u Antistatic Spray

Bravo 4u Antistatic Spray eliminates static electricity causing uncomfortable cling from all fabric, clothing, carpets, furniture and electronic equipments. It is safe for use on lingerie and nightwear dresses.

 

 

 

Zain Bravo 4 u Oven Cleaner

Bravo 4 u Oven Cleaner cleans ovens, stoves, grills and exhaust fans. It removes greases, oil and stains from cold surfaces, making the wares clean and shiny.

 

 

 

 

Zain Bravo 4 u Stainless Steel Polish

Bravo 4 u Stainless Steel Polish cleans fast and easily removing water, oil and grease stains. It polishes with no abrasion to dull or scratch surfaces. The film that remains resists water marking, soiling and dust pick up. Bravo 4 u steel polish is water based creamy emulsion spray works better than solvent based products. It is ideal for use on metal, plastic and enameled surfaces and oven hoods. Its uses extend to restaurants, offices, manufacturing facilities, laboratories and elevators.

 

 

 

Zain Bravo 4 u Leaf Shine

Bravo 4 u Leaf Shine cleans, protects and shines leaves of indoor plants. It keeps the foliage healthy and dust free.

Downstream Projects

With a view to develop value-added products in the Kingdom, Alujain’s subsidiary, Natpet has been exploring opportunities further downstream to the polypropylene resin:

 

BONAR-NATPET

Bonar-Natpet, NATPET’s joint venture (JV), completed in 2015 its first full year of operations.  Bonar-Natpet is a JV between NATPET and Low & Bonar PLC (listed on London Stock Exchange) of the United Kingdom to produce geotextile products for the fast growing civil engineering infrastructure markets in the Middle East and the Indian subcontinent. The plant has a capacity of 17,300 tons/year of staple fiber and 9,600 tons/year of nonwoven geotextiles. 

 

NATPET SCHULMAN SPECIALTY PLASTIC COMPOUNDS

NATPET’s second downstream venture, Natpet Schulman Specialty Plastic Compounds, in equal partnership with A. Schulman Europe International B.V. (a leading independent producer of engineering plastics) will produce engineered PP compounds to serve a broad range of customers globally, and capitalize on growing demand for durable goods such as appliances and automotives in the Middle East, Africa and India. The plant is expected to be completed for startup around mid of 2017.

National Petrochemical Industrial Company (NATPET)

NATPET is a closed Saudi joint stock company with a capital of SR1,070 million. It operates a 400,000 tpy Propylene and Polypropylene Complex in Yanbu Industrial City.

NATPET produces high quality polypropylene which is sold in local and international markets.

For more information on NATPET, please log on to: www.natpetpp.com

 

Polypropylene the material of choice

Location / Regions:

 Corporate Offices: Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
 Plant: Yanbu, Saudi Arabia

 

Role:
To manufacture polypropylene, which is the fastest growing plastic material for its exceptionally wide range of applications and specifications.

 

Services:
NATPET's complex is using state of the art technologies; Oleflex of UOP to produce 400 KT/Y of propylene, and LyondellBasell’s Spheripol technology to produce 400 KT/Y of polypropylene.

 

Capability / Reach:
Products are sold all over the world through direct sales and through marketing associations with leading international distributors/marketers.

 

Polypropylene or Polypropene (PP) is a unique versatile polymer in thermoplastic family. By virtue of its semi crystalline structure it has a very wide range of application. The material is ideal for both wet and dry process applications, offering a solid combination of mechanical strength, rigidity and dimensional stability. PP does not present stress-cracking problems and offers excellent electrical and chemical resistance at higher temperatures. Easily fabricated, thermoformed, vacuum formed, and welded.

 

Propylene (C3 H6) is polymerized to polypropylene in the presence of titanium-chloride or metalocene based catalyst. During polymerization, the CH3 groups can be incorporated in the macromolecule in spatially different ways. The resulting products have different properties and are classified as follows:

Isotactic PP in the macromolecular chain the CH3 pendants are situated on the same side of the carbon chain as shown in figure 1. The higher the isotactic content in the bulk polypropylene, the higher the degree of crystallinity achieved in the material. Most polypropylene we use is isotactic.

Figure-1 Isotactic Polypropylene

Syndiotactic PP in this macromolecular chain CH3 pendants are alternately on one side of the chain and then on the other side as shown in figure 2. This structure can be produced with a metalocene based catalyst and/or Ziegler-Natta Catalyst with the association of external donor. This structure allows the production of a highly transparent and flexible PP.

Figure-2 Syndiotactic Polypropylene

Atactic PP in this macromolecular chain CH3 pendants are distributed randomly in their spatial position to the main chain as shown in figure 3. An atactic PP structure does not allow the chains to pack themselves very tightly in order to form a three-dimensional (3-D) crystalline structure.

Figure-3 Atactic Polypropylene

The key properties of polypropylene as a material of choice are:

  • High melting point makes it suitable for steam sterilization and hot filing.
  • High chemical inertia makes it migration resistant and chemical resistant.
  • High rigidity with Young’s modulus 2,000 (MPa) facilitates it to engineering plastic.
  • High impact resistance even at low temperature.
  • High environmental stress-cracking resistance
  • Good Water barrier.
  • Good transparency, especially with random co-polymers.
  • Recyclable – it can be re-melted and then reprocessed without loss of properties.

 

Polypropylene is an economical material that offers a combination of outstanding physical, chemical, mechanical, thermal and electrical properties not found in any other thermoplastic. Compared to low or high density polyethylene, it has a lower impact strength, but superior working temperature and tensile strength.

 

APPLICATIONS

Polypropylene can be processed by virtually all thermoplastic-processing method. Most typically PP Products are manufactured by: Injection Molding, Blow molding, Compression molding, rotational molding, Injection blow molding, Extrusion Blow Molding, Injection stretch blow molding and General Purpose Extrusion. Expanded Polypropylene (EPP) may be molded in a specialized process.

 

MJOR MARKET SEGMENTS OF PP:

 

 

 

CONSUMER

Battery Cases

FIBERS and FABRICS

Staple Fibers

Crates

Spun-bond. Melt Blown

Furniture

BCF / CF

House Wares

Raffia (Cordage, netting, slit tape

Luggage

Strapping

Other Consumer

Geo Textile

Sport / Leisure / Toys

 

RIGID

PACKAGING

Containers

FLEXIBLE PACKAING

BOPP

Thin Wall Moldings Technical

Cost

Thin Wall Molding Food

Blown Film

Blow Molding

Extrusion Coating

Thermoforming

Other Film

Medical

AUTOMOTIVE

Bumper

Caps & Closures

Exterior Trims

Corrugated Board

Instrument Panel

Foam Sheet

Interior Trims

Other Packaging

Under the Hood

   

Consumer Products:

Products classified in this sector are Housewares, Furniture, Luggage, Toys, Battery Cases and other “durable” items for home, garden or leisure use. Injection Molding dominates the conversion process used for these products. Market share of PP in this segment at present is 12%.

 

Flexible Packaging:

PP is one of the leading materials used for film extrusion and has in recent years benefited versus cellophane, metals and paper on account of its superior puncture resistance, low sealing threshold and competitive price. PP Film is available either as Cast Film or bi-axially oriented PP (BOPP). The film market may be divided in to three main sectors.

  • Food and Confectioneries
  • Tobacco
  • Clothing

 

The food and confectioneries sector is the largest of the film markets with usage ranging from confectioneries to crisps and biscuits. Tobacco products represent a significant market for PP (second largest after food and confectioneries).

 

Rigid Packaging:

Rigid packaging subdivides into a multitude of packaging applications from caps and closures to pallets and crates. Reusable and collapsible/stackable crates are a great application for PP, providing ease to transport (both full and empty) and allow simple, safe and efficient storage of products and are ideal for just-in-Time (JIT) storage solutions. As a consequence, supermarkets are beginning to revert to use and similar products are finding application in the automotive supply chain.

 

Caps and Closures manufactured from PP have benefited from growth in the PET bottle market, particularly for mineral water containment and that of edible oil.

 

PP is blow molded to produce bottles for the packaging of a range of products including condiments, detergent and toiletries markets.

 

PP thin-walled containers (e.g. yoghurt pots) are also common. PP competes with PS in this field by offering a cheaper material option (processing cost can, however, offset this benefit). PP is semi crystalline product and consequently has a narrower processing window than PS however improvement in additive package, e.g. nucleation during process makes the processing window wider for PP.

 

Automotive:

Polypropylene has a large application in automotive industry. Especially in battery cases PP is dominating for the last 25 years. With the need and trend of reducing the weight of cars, many components are changed to plastic parts from heavier materials like metals and wood. Now most of the plastic in cars is PP or PP compounds. PP film cushioning, film skins, and powder slush molding and even blow molded parts with integral PP textile covers are emerging.

 

Bumpers, cladding, and exterior/interior trim are also available manufactured from polypropylene. Polypropylene developed for such applications provides low coefficient of linear thermal expansion and specific gravity, high chemical resistance and good weather ability, process ability and impact/stiffness balance. Improvements with color-at-the-press and pre-colored PP have also reduced or eliminated the need for painting in some applications.

Polypropylene is quickly becoming a major material for automotive exterior parts as weight reduction has been an important factor in this industry.

 

Fibers and Fabrics:

A large volume of PP utilized in the market segment known as fibers and fabrics. PP fiber is utilized in a host of applications including raffia/slit-film, tape, strapping, bulk continuous filament, staple fibers, spun bond and continuous filament.

 

A major application of raffia is in carpet backings both primary and secondary types. The other major applications are twine, woven fabrics for feed and fertilizer sacks, jumbo bags, tarpaulins, mats, screen for erosion prevention, and geotextiles to stabilize soil beds. Continuous filament (CF) and bulked continuous filament (BCF) are mainly used as carpet face yarn and fabrics for upholstery.

 

Nonwoven fabrics account for more PP usage than any other single fiber application. Nonwoven fabrics are used in several areas like, liners in disposable diapers, feminine hygiene products, and medical applications. Mono-filament used in making ropes and twines, PP rope and twine are very strong and moisture resistant very suitable for marine applications.

 

Medical:

Polypropylene is the material of choice in medical application not only because of its light weight, low cost or both but also due to high chemical and bacterial resistance. For polypropylene it is possible to formulate PP compounding to enable them to undergo steam and radiation sterilization. The most notable such application is the disposable syringes. Polypropylene fulfills the essential need of a medical syringe extremely well. It can be precision-molded to yield the proper dimensions; it is clear enough to view the contents; it can be printed if necessary and can be irradiation-sterilized.

 

Medical vials, diagnostic devices, petri dishes, intravenous bottles, specimen bottles, food trays, pans, and amber-colored small containers that hold pills and capsules are also of PP products. ‘Sharp containers’ used to collect used syringes and other contaminated medical wastes are also the product of PP.

 

The other unique feature of PP makes it ideal for medical use is its ability to be processed into nonwoven fabrics. The use of non-woven in medical application is large and growing.

 

Industrial:

A material that has the attributes of tensile strength, a resistance to high temperatures and is highly resistant to corrosion, Polypropylene is a unique material for industrial use. Polypropylene is used in the manufacture of chemical tanks that are used for the mixing of liquid materials that may have slight corrosive properties as part of their compounds. In industrial sector polypropylene is used to manufacture a range of sheet, pipe, compounding and Returnable Transport Packaging (RTP). With the exception of RTP where Injection Molding is used, extrusion dominates the conversion process used for these products. Some PP is utilized by the construction sector, most notable domestic drainage pipes.

 

Conclusion:

Polypropylene has virtually endless uses, and its development has not slowed since its discovery. Whether used for industrial molds, rugged currency, car parts, or storage containers, it is one of a handful of materials the world is literally built around.